Glossary Of Fitness Terms

Aerobicexercises which have repetitive large muscle use and increase respiration and heart rate, temporarily.
Balancea person’s ability to maintain equilibrium when moving or standing still.
Balance trainingspecific exercises or activities which are designed to improve balance challenges.
Baseline activitydaily life activities such as walking or standing still
Body compositionthe relationship or proportion of fat to other body tissues such as bone, organs, muscle, and other vital tissues.
Bone-strengthening activityactivities that are designed to promote healthy bone growth and strength such as weightlifting, jumping rope, or running.
Cardiorespiratory endurancethe bodies of ability to provide itself with nutrients and oxygen over a long continuous period of time.
Durationhow long it takes for an individual to perform an activity or exercise.
Exercise – a physical activity that is performed often repetitively and designed to either maintain or improve health or physical fitness.
Flexibility the ability for a person to move a joint or the range of motion that is possible from a joint.
Flexibility exerciseexercises which are specifically designed to help to improve the full range of motion of a joint.
Intensitythe required amount of effort that an exercise or activity should typically take.
Interval traininga specific form of exercises which are designed to have time periods of strenuous, vigorous activity and then alternate with time periods of less vigorous activity designed for recovery.
Isometric exercises exercises which are designed to contract muscles without shortening them. An example of an isometric exercise would be pushing against the wall or other in the movable object.
Lifestyle activitydaily life activities such as climbing stairs, walking or standing for long periods of time.
METMetabolic equivalent abbreviation. The metabolic equivalent is a unit used to measure the metabolic cost or energy expenditure required for physical activities. The baseline for one MET is the amount of energy expenditure used while sitting at rest.
Moderate – intensity physical activity – exercises which include physical activity designed to increase respiration and heart rate, while still allowing normal conversations to occur.
Muscle – strengthening activityexercises or activities which are designed specifically to work one or more groups of muscles.
Muscular endurance a muscle’s ability to handle repeated contractions over time.
Muscular strength a muscle’s ability to be able to exert force.
Physical activity – any exercise or activity which increases a personĂ­s energy expenditure higher than their baseline level.
Physical fitness a personĂ­s ability to perform normal daily routines without becoming exhausted.
Progressionan exercise or activities increased in intensity, frequency, and/or duration of a specified period of time.
Repetitionsin regards to strength training activities, repetitions refers to how many times a weight is lifted.
Resistance trainingexercises or activities which are designed to apply resistance to movement by using objects such as stretch bands or weights.
Strength – the ability of singular muscles or groups of muscles to exert force.
Vigorousintensity physical activity – activities are exercises which are designed to increase respirations and heart rate to the point in which only a few words are able to be spoken before an individual must stop to catch their breath.